Dicamba Technology Demands Multiple Levels of Stewardship
Everyone involved with production agriculture in Illinois has a critical role to play in the proper stewardship of new products, such as dicamba-based herbicides, including strict adherence to all label guidelines.
ISA continues to work with industry partners to inform growers about specific requirements related to dicamba use in Illinois.
On June 3, 2020, in National Family Farm Coalition vs. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Case No. 19-70115, the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit issued a ruling immediately vacating the registrations of Xtendimax, FeXapan and Engenia, all of which contain the herbicide dicamba. On June 8, 2020, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) issued a final cancellation order for these three dicamba products. The final cancellation order can be found here: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2020-06/documents/final_cancellation_order_for_three_dicamba_products.pdf.
The EPA’s final cancellation order outlines limited and specific circumstances under which existing stocks of the three affected dicamba products may be used. Pursuant to the final cancellation order, existing stocks are those which are currently in the United States and which were packaged, labeled, and released for shipment prior to the time of the vacatur order on June 3, 2020. The EPA’s order permits use of existing stocks of Xtendimax, FeXapan, and Engenia as follows:
- a. Distribution or sale by the registrant. Distribution or sale by the registrant of all existing stocks is prohibited effective as of the time of the order on June 3, except for distribution for the purposes of proper disposal.
- b. Distribution or sale by persons other than the registrant. Distribution or sale of existing stocks that are already in the possession of persons other than the registrant is permitted only for the purposes of proper disposal or to facilitate return to the registrant or a registered establishment under contract with the registrant, unless otherwise allowed below.
- c. Distribution or sale by commercial applicators. Distribution or sale of existing stocks that are in the possession of commercial applicators is permitted.
- d. Use. Use of existing stocks inconsistent in any respect with the previously-approved labeling accompanying the product is prohibited.
Use of existing stocks of these products must be consistent with the previously-approved labeling. All conditions of IDOA’s registrations under section 24(c) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) remain in effect, including the prohibition of applications when the forecasted temperature exceeds 85 degrees. However, the June 20, 2020 application cutoff date has been extended to June 25, 2020.
As new information becomes available, the Department will provide updates on its website.
2020 Illinois Dicamba Use
For 2020, anyone who purchases or applies any dicamba product must be licensed by the State of Illinois as either private or commercial applicators.
Online venues listed below are now approved in Illinois for required dicamba certification:
You must register for the online training. The online training will require that you go through the materials and be tested at the end of the module. Upon completion of the knowledge test, you will receive a certificate of completion of the training.
For more information please visit https://ifca.com/illinoisdicambatraining
Responsible use of dicamba for 2020:
From Illinois Department of Agriculture: The Illinois Department of Agriculture (IDOA) announced additional label restrictions for the 2020 growing season for the herbicide dicamba. After careful consideration, IDOA Director John Sullivan has determined the Department will be forwarding 24 (c) registration requests to the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) for Illinois specific labels for the use of dicamba on soybeans in 2020 requiring the following additional provisions:
- DO NOT apply this product if the air temperature at the field at the time of application is over 85 degrees Fahrenheit or if the National Weather Service’s forecasted high temperature for the nearest available location for the day of application exceeds 85 degrees Fahrenheit. (Local National Weather Service forecast are available at https://www.weather.gov.)
- DO NOT apply this product after June 20, 2020.
- Before making an application of this product, the applicator must consult the FieldWatch sensitive crop registry (https://www.fieldwatch.com) and comply with all associated record keeping label requirements.
- Maintain the label-specified downwind buffer between the last treated row and the nearest downfield edge of any Illinois Nature Preserves Commission site.
- It is best to apply product when the wind is blowing away from sensitive areas, which include but are not limited to bodies of water and non-residential, uncultivated areas that may harbor sensitive plant species.
On October 31, 2018, USEPA issued revised labels for the three Dicamba-containing products that are labeled for use on soybeans: Engenia (BASF), XtendiMax (Monsanto), and FeXapan (DuPont). At this time, it is a violation of the Illinois Pesticide Act and the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) to apply any other Dicamba products in a post-emerge application to soybeans.
There are several significant changes in these product labels for use in crop year 2019, including:
- Two-year registration (until December 20, 2020);
- Only certified applicators may apply dicamba over the top (those working under the supervision of a certified applicator may no longer make applications);
- Prohibit over-the-top application of dicamba on soybeans 45 days after planting and on cotton 60 days after planting;
- For cotton, limit the number of over-the-top applications from 4 to 2 (soybeans remain at 2 OTT applications);
- Applications will be allowed only from 1 hour after sunrise to 2 hours before sunset;
- In counties where endangered species may exist, the downwind buffer will remain at 110 feet and there will be a new 57-foot buffer around all other sides of the field to protect sensitive areas (the 110-foot downwind buffer applies to all applications, not just in counties where endangered species may exist);
- Clarify training period for 2019 and beyond, ensuring consistency across all three products;
- Enhanced tank clean-out instructions for the entire system;
- Enhanced label to improve applicator awareness on the impact of low pH's on the potential volatility of dicamba;
- Label clean up and consistency to improve compliance and enforceability;
For more information, see here.